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RCORP - Rural Center of Excellence on SUD Prevention


Below are suggested articles on medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) in correctional facilities, and on Transitions Clinic Network programs. While research on Transitions Clinics has looked at urban programs so far, the model can also increase access to care in rural areas.


Postincarceration fatal overdoses after implementing medications for addiction treatment in a statewide correctional system” (2018)

Deaths from unintentional overdose among individuals recently released from incarceration were substantially reduced after Rhode Island implemented a statewide MOUD program in its correctional system.



Engaging individuals recently released from prison into primary care: A randomized trial” (2012)

The Transitions Clinic model reduced ED utilization among recently released patients to a greater extent than expedited primary care.



Propensity-matched study of enhanced primary care on contact with the criminal justice system among individuals recently released from prison to New Haven” (2019)

Patients participating in a Transitions Clinic were less likely to be reincarcerated for parole or probation technical violations than patients not partipating.



Connecting people released from incarceration to essential health services: The North Carolina Formerly Incarcerated Transition (FIT) Program” (2019)

Community collaboration was key to implementation of a Transitions Clinic in North Carolina. The program’s patient population includes individuals from rural communities.



"They didn't give up on me": A women's transitions clinic from the perspective of re-entering women” (2019)

A Transitions Clinic with trauma-informed care supported the autonomy and health literacy of recently released women and provided a sense of relatedness, including for women with a substance use disorder.



Does a primary health clinic for formerly incarcerated women increase linkage to care?” (2017)

A Transitions Clinic helped recently released women receive primary care, mental health, and substance use disorder services.


December 2021